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Theoretical knowledge and psychomotor skill acquisition of basic life support training programme among secondary school students

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Israel Olatunji Gabriel1, Joel O. Aluko2

 

1 School of Post Basic Nursing Programmes (Anaesthesia), Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria

 

2 The Department of Nursing, University of Ilorin, Kwara state, Nigeria

 

Corresponding Author: Israel Olatunji Gabriel, Email: israelchristson@gmail.com

 

© 2019 World Journal of Emergency Medicine

 

DOI: 10.5847/wjem.j.1920–8642.2019.02.003

 

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to evaluate the theoretical knowledge and psychomotor skill acquisition of basic life support (BLS) by a group of secondary school students in Nigeria pre and post BLS training.

METHODS: This was quasi-experimental study design with 210 participants. They were taught on adult BLS and all the participants practiced BLS on a Resusci-Anne manikin immediately after the training. Data were collected using American Heart Association (AHA) structured questionnaire and psychomotor skills checklist for BLS at baseline, and post BLS training.

RESULTS: The pre-training knowledge score was 1.9±1.4. This increased after the BLS training to 11.4±2.4, and the mean difference between the pre and post BLS training scores was 9.48571. Pre-training psychomotor skill score was 0.00±0.00, this increased to 8.9±1.9 after the training, and the mean difference was 8.90000. The knowledge and psychomotor skill difference between pre and post BLS training was significant (P<0.000).

CONCLUSION: Most Nigerian secondary school students were not knowledgeable about BLS. Therefore, there is need for the creation of more awareness among the students.

(World J Emerg Med 2019;10(2):81–87)

 

KEY WORDS: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; Basic life support; Education; School students; Lifesaving skills; Nigeria

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